Consensus for dry needling for plantar heel pain (plantar fasciitis): a modified Delphi study

Cotchett MP1, Landorf KB, Munteanu SE, Raspovic AM


In order to develop a treatment protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of dry needling for plantar heel pain we conducted a three stage modified Delphi process using a web-based survey technique. Over a series of three iterations, 30 experts (participants) worldwide indicated their level of agreement on specific issues relating to the use of dry needling for plantar heel pain including their treatment rationale, needling details and treatment regimen. Consensus for a dry needling protocol for plantar heel pain was achieved when >60% of participants (IQR ≤ 1.0 category on 5-point Likert scale) agreed the protocol was adequate.

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